serve

serve
serve [{{t}}sɜ:v]
1 transitive verb
(a) (employer, monarch, country, God) servir;
to have served one's country well avoir bien servi sa patrie, {{}}literary{{}} bien mériter de la patrie;
she has served the company well over the years elle a bien servi la société pendant des années;
{{}}proverb{{}} you cannot serve two masters nul ne peut servir deux maîtres
(b) (in shop, restaurant → customer) servir;
to serve sb with sth servir qch à qn;
are you being served? est-ce qu'on s'occupe de vous?
(c) (provide → with electricity, gas, water) alimenter; (→ with transport service) desservir;
the village is served with water from the local reservoir le village est alimenté en eau depuis le réservoir voisin;
the town is well served with transport facilities la ville est bien desservie par les transports en commun;
this train serves all stations south of Queensferry ce train dessert toutes les gares au sud de Queensferry
(d) (food, drink) servir;
dinner is served le dîner est servi;
coffee is now being served in the lounge le café est servi au salon;
they served me (with) some soup ils m'ont servi de la soupe;
melon is often served with port on sert souvent le melon avec du porto;
the wine should be served at room temperature le vin doit être servi chambré;
this recipe serves four cette recette est prévue pour quatre personnes;
{{}}Religion{{}} to serve mass servir la messe
(e) (be suitable for) servir;
the plank served him as a rudimentary desk la planche lui servait de bureau rudimentaire;
this box will serve my purpose cette boîte fera l'affaire;
when the box had served its purpose, he threw it away quand il n'eut plus besoin de la boîte, il la jeta;
it must serve some purpose cela doit bien servir à quelque chose;
it serves no useful purpose cela ne sert à rien de spécial
(f) (term, apprenticeship) faire;
he has served two terms (of office) as president il a rempli deux mandats présidentiels;
to serve one's apprenticeship as an electrician faire son apprentissage d'électricien;
to serve one's time {{}}Military{{}} faire son service; (prison sentence) purger sa peine;
to serve time faire de la prison;
he has served his time il a purgé sa peine;
she served four years for armed robbery elle a fait quatre ans (de prison) pour vol à main armée
(g) {{}}Law{{}} (summons, warrant, writ) notifier, remettre;
to serve sb with a summons, to serve a summons on sb remettre une assignation à qn;
to serve sb with a writ, to serve a writ on sb assigner qn en justice
(h) {{}}Sport{{}} servir;
she served the ball into the net son service a échoué dans le filet
(i) {{}}Agriculture{{}} servir
(j) (idioms)
it serves you right c'est bien fait pour toi;
it serves them right for being so selfish! ça leur apprendra à être si égoïstes!;
{{}}American{{}} {{}}familiar{{}} a 3 p.m. meeting? - it serves my turn une réunion à 15 heures? - ça me va
2 intransitive verb
(a) (in shop or restaurant, at table) servir; (be in service → maid, servant) servir;
to serve at table servir à table;
could you serve, please? pourriez-vous faire le service, s'il vous plaît?;
she served as Lady Greenmount's maid elle était au service de Lady Greenmount
(b) (as soldier) servir;
to serve in the army servir dans l'armée;
he served as a corporal during the war il a servi comme caporal pendant la guerre;
her grandfather served under General Adams son grand-père a servi sous les ordres du général Adams
(c) (in profession)
he served as treasurer for several years il a exercé les fonctions de trésorier pendant plusieurs années
(d) (on committee)
she serves on the housing committee elle est membre de la commission au logement
(e) (function, act → as example, warning) servir;
let that serve as a lesson to you! que cela vous serve de leçon!;
it only serves to show that you shouldn't listen to gossip cela prouve qu'il ne faut pas écouter les commérages;
the tragedy should serve as a reminder of the threat posed by nuclear power cette tragédie devrait rappeler à tous la menace que représente l'énergie nucléaire;
this stone will serve to keep the door open cette pierre servira à maintenir la porte ouverte;
their bedroom had to serve as a cloakroom for their guests leur chambre a dû servir ou faire office de vestiaire pour leurs invités
(f) {{}}Sport{{}} servir, être au service;
whose turn is it to serve? c'est à qui de servir?;
Simmons to serve au service, Simmons;
he served into the net son service a échoué dans le filet
(g) {{}}Religion{{}} servir la messe
(h) {{}}literary{{}}
when occasion serves lorsque l'occasion est favorable
3 noun
{{}}Sport{{}} service m;
it's your serve c'est à vous de servir;
to have a good serve avoir un bon service
serve out
1 separable transitive verb
(a) (food) servir; (provisions) distribuer
(b) (period of time) faire;
the president retired before he had served his term out le président a pris sa retraite avant d'arriver à ou d'atteindre la fin de son mandat;
to serve out a prison sentence purger une peine (de prison)
2 intransitive verb
{{}}Sport{{}} sortir son service
serve up separable transitive verb
(meal, food) servir; {{}}figurative{{}} (facts, information) servir, débiter;
she serves up the same old excuse every time elle ressort chaque fois la même excuse
✾ Film 'In Which We Serve' Lean 'Ceux qui servent sur mer'

Un panorama unique de l'anglais et du français. 2015.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • Serve — Serve, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Served}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Serving}.] [OE. serven, servien, OF. & F. servir, fr. L. servire; akin to servus a servant or slave, servare to protect, preserve, observe; cf. Zend har to protect, haurva protecting. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serve — → serf ● serf, serve adjectif (latin servus, esclave) Relatif à l état des serfs : Des hommes de condition serve. Littéraire. Qui fait preuve d une soumission complète à l égard d autrui. ● serf, serve (homonymes) adjectif (latin servus, esclave) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • serve — [sɜːv ǁ sɜːrv] verb 1. [transitive] COMMERCE to supply customers with a particular product or service or with something they need: • The firm plans to open a London office to serve clients with investments and businesses in Europe. • JAL Group… …   Financial and business terms

  • serve — [sʉrv] vt. served, serving [ME serven < OFr servir < L servire, to serve < servus, servant, slave: see SERF] 1. to work for as a servant 2. a) to do services or duties for; give service to; aid; assist; help b) to give obedience and… …   English World dictionary

  • serve — vt served, serv·ing 1: to deliver, publish, or execute (notice or process) as required by law no notice of any such request was ever served on the husband National Law Journal 2: to make legal service upon (the person named in a process): inform… …   Law dictionary

  • serve — late 12c., to render habitual obedience to, from O.Fr. servir to serve, from L. servire to serve, originally be a slave, related to servus slave, perhaps from an Etruscan word (Cf. Etruscan proper names Servi, Serve). Meaning to attend to (a… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Serve — Serve, v. i. 1. To be a servant or a slave; to be employed in labor or other business for another; to be in subjection or bondage; to render menial service. [1913 Webster] The Lord shall give thee rest . . . from the hard bondage wherein thou… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serve — ► VERB 1) perform duties or services for. 2) be employed as a member of the armed forces. 3) spend (a period) in office, in an apprenticeship, or in prison. 4) present food or drink to. 5) attend to (a customer in a shop). 6) be of use in… …   English terms dictionary

  • serve — [v1] aid, help; supply arrange, assist, attend to, be of assistance, be of use, care for, deal, deliver, dish up*, distribute, do for, give, handle, hit, minister to, nurse, oblige, play, present, provide, provision, set out, succor, wait on,… …   New thesaurus

  • Serve — may refer to: * Serve (tennis) * Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment * Providing a non material good, as in the work of a servant * Supplying customers with food and drink, as in the work of a food server * Delivering a legal or… …   Wikipedia

  • serve up — (something) to offer something. The TV miniseries will be serving up five hour long programs. Hitchcock served up a pitch that Perez hit over the fence for a home run. Filmgoers demand realism, and Lee serves it up without flash or tricks in his… …   New idioms dictionary

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